betta fish care guide

Betta Fish 101 Care Guide For Beginners

One form of hobby and trend that is popular today is to keep betta fish. Since the pandemic, many have decided to look for interesting new hobbies. Running a hobby is a very good thing especially if the hobby is a very positive thing and can fill your free time.

Of the many hobbies, one of the hobbies that can be tried is to raise fish.

Fish is one of the animals that is quite easy to care for and can make your home look more attractive. According to Feng Shui, when caring for and putting an aquarium at home it will attract energy of wealth and luck.

Betta fish (Betta sp.) is a freshwater fish whose original habitat is several countries in Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Vietnam. This fish has a unique shape and character and tends to be aggressive in defending its territory.

Among fans, bettas are generally divided into three groups, namely ornamental betta, complaint betta, and wild betta. In Indonesia there are native betta, one of which is Betta channoides found in Pampang, East Kalimantan.


Bettas with good quality has brightly colored fins and tails. The fins open harmoniously and perfectly, there are no other shadows at the ends of the tail and fins. There is no distance between the lower fin and the tail (caudal) or between the dorsal fins of the back. The fins close perfectly when the fish open and stock their fins.

Types of Betta Fish

The first time when the trend of betta fish became popular, many used it as a complaint fish. Reported from, betta fish has another name namely Siamese Fighting Fish or Betta Splendens, is one of the freshwater fish that comes from several countries in Southeast Asia such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and other countries. Betel fish have a unique shape and tend to be aggressive in defending their territory. Betta fish put together in the same container will cause a battle to eat their lives.

Although it looks fierce, Betta is included in the beautiful ornamental fish. The colorful color and fins of the betel fish and its dangling tail will display a beautiful view when this fish swims. Betta fish has been popular for a long time and never recedes despite many other ornamental fish.

Bettas already has its own group of lovers. The more betta lovers, the more lively betta contests are held. Betta contests are not only located at the local level, but can reach the national and international level. There are several types of ornamental fish that are in great demand so that it becomes popular, among others:

1. Halfmoon Betta

Halfmoon betta is a fish that comes from Thailand. Quoted from Fish Keeping World, this type of fish has characteristics with a wide tail and forms a half moon. The tail is long and round can expand up to 180 degrees when the fish is angry and wants to fight.

2. Crowntail Betta

Crowntail betta or commonly referred to as the tail of the crown is a betta fish that comes from Indonesia. The characteristic of this type of betta fish is its tail that forms like a serit and an inverted crown. Because of its beauty, crowntail betta has been recognized by the world and has been contested at the IBC (International Betta Congress).

3. Double Tail Betta

Double tailed betta have a fairly unique characteristic that has a separate tail. This type of fish is still rare that cultivates so its existence in the market is still rare. Because it is still rare and rare, making this fish become a lot of looking and enthusiasts.

4. Plakat Betta

Plakat Betta is a fish that comes from Thailand. This fish is better known as a complaint fish and its existence is very easy to find in the market. The fish has characteristics with a large body, a short tail and a striking color. The price of plakat bettas ranges from Around $19 to $150 based on their quaity and color marking.

5. Giant

As the bettas fish names suggest, giant bettas have a large shape. Fish that come from Thailand live a lot in rivers and lakes there. This fish is usually 2 to 3 times the size of the usual bettas so it is suitable for complaints. Nevertheless, this giant bettas can also be an interesting decoration in your home aquarium.

Betta Fish Breeding

Because of the beauty and popularity of this fish, the betta is widely cultivated. The cultivation of betta fish can be done at home. Cultivation in addition to adding to the collection of pets, can also to earn additional income because the business of betta is quite promising. There are several ways of breeding betta at home, among others as follows:

1. Preparing Breeding Location

The first thing to do is to prepare the location for cultivation. The location used can be inside or outside the house. But, if you look at the safety concerns then you should do cultivation in the house. Not only that, but surveillance can also be done more easily. Want to breed betta fish at home? If it’s successful then you can grow the business.

2. Look for Demand

After preparing the location and media for breeding, the next thing that can be done is to know the type of fish that will be breed. Take a look at the trends of existing fish so you can easily sell fish that have been cultivated.

Bettas need aquarium water conditions or aquaculture that has temperature conditions ranging from 24 to 27 degrees Celsius in order to live well. Try to install a thermometer in the pool so that you can monitor the water temperature conditions continuously easily.

3. Choosing Pairs

By choosing a good pairs it will produce good fry also. It is important to know the criteria of a good parent bettas before doing spawning. The criteria for a good parent are as below:

  • healthy
  • Adult (not less than 4 months old)
  • Has an attractive color tone
  • Has no body defects

4. Spawning Steps

After doing the above preparations, then the next thing that needs to be done is to do spawning your betta. The spawning steps of betta fish are as follows:

  1. Filling the spawning place with clear water
  2. Put the male fish brood into the spawning site, then place the spawning place in a slightly dark location (low light) for 24 hours
  3. Then put the female betta inducted into the spawning place with the male.
  4. Put the spawning place back in a slightly dark location and leave for 24 hours. Then you can check if there are already eggs in the spawning place in the form of bubble nest that merge on the surface of the water.
  5. If there are bubble nest, then the female betta brood can be taken and let the male take care of the eggs until hatching (about 3-4 days).

5. Caring Betta Fish Fry

If the eggs have hatched, you will see the saplings swimming alone. After that separate the fry from the parents and place them in a large aquarium. After being transferred to a large aquarium, you can use artemia water fleas as an early food for young fish. Be sure to move the fish to their respective places after entering the age of one month to avoid fighting each other.

6. Betta Fry Diet and Feeding

After the fish is more than a month old, then the food for betta fry can be replaced with silkworms or it can also be with ornamental fish pellets. Feeding is carried out 2 times a day in the morning and evening.

Feeding by using ornamental fish pellets is very simple. But you have to give pellets according to the measure and tried directly eaten by the bettas so as not to cause water residues that can contaminate the water and become a source of disease.

7. Diseases

Fish farming has the potential to be affected by disease pests, therefore you need to know some diseases that may attack your fish. Keep the water clean in the aquarium by often changing the water about 3-4 days once to prevent the growth of bacteria.

Once you have a lot of betta fish, you can sell them and take profit. Bettas can already be marketed at the age of 3.5 months. You can use the online platform to market betel fish to cover a wider market.

That’s a complete guide to betta fish care for beginners and you can use it as a reference. Make sure you’re marketing properly so that your fish can reach a wider market. Good luck!